Geriatric Care Challenges Plus Related 10 PICOT Questions Examples, EBP & Capstone Project Ideas, Research Topic Ideas and Nursing Essay Topic Ideas

The field of geriatric care has gained paramount importance as the global population continues to age. This demographic shift has given rise to a myriad of challenges in providing effective care to the elderly. From chronic conditions to cognitive impairments, geriatric care necessitates a comprehensive understanding of the unique needs of older adults.

Explore the intricacies of geriatric care challenges in our comprehensive article. Discover precise PICOT questions, evidence-based project ideas, nursing capstone projects, research paper topics, and thought-provoking research questions.

Geriatric Care Challenges

Navigating the realm of geriatric care presents a range of intricate challenges that demand attention and innovative solutions. These challenges stem from the unique physiological, psychological, and social aspects of aging, and they require healthcare professionals to adapt their approach to provide effective care. Some of the prominent geriatric care challenges include:

  1. Chronic Conditions: The prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension increases with age, necessitating comprehensive management strategies to prevent complications.
  2. Polypharmacy: Managing multiple medications becomes complex as patients age and may lead to adverse drug interactions, side effects, and non-adherence.
  3. Cognitive Decline: Addressing cognitive impairments like dementia and Alzheimer’s disease poses challenges in communication, decision-making, and ensuring patient safety.
  4. Falls and Fractures: Elderly individuals are at a higher risk of falls, resulting in fractures and mobility limitations, requiring preventive measures and rehabilitation.
  5. Nutrition and Hydration: Ensuring proper nutrition and hydration becomes vital to maintain health, especially with decreased appetite and hydration awareness.
  6. Pain Management: Effective pain assessment and management are complicated by communication barriers and the potential for undertreatment.
  7. End-of-Life Conversations: Engaging in discussions about end-of-life preferences and advanced care planning can be emotionally challenging for both patients and their families.
  8. Social Isolation: Elderly individuals may experience social isolation due to physical limitations, loss of loved ones, or limited access to social activities, impacting mental well-being.
  9. Access to Healthcare: Geographical barriers and limited mobility can hinder access to healthcare services, particularly in rural areas.
  10. Caregiver Strain: Family members providing care to elderly relatives may face physical, emotional, and financial strain, highlighting the importance of support systems.

Geriatric Care Challenges PICOT Question Examples

  1. In older adults with diabetes (P), how does personalized dietary counseling (I) compared to standard dietary recommendations (C) affect glycemic control (O) over a six-month period (T)?
  2. Among hospitalized elderly patients (P), what is the effect of hourly rounding (I) on the incidence of pressure ulcers (O) in comparison to traditional nursing care (C) within a three-month timeframe (T)?
  3. In geriatric patients with mild cognitive impairment (P), how does cognitive training (I) versus usual care (C) impact the rate of cognitive decline (O) over a one-year period (T)?
  4. For elderly individuals recovering from hip fracture surgery (P), what is the effect of early mobilization (I) versus bed rest (C) on functional recovery (O) within the first month post-surgery (T)?
  5. In nursing home residents with insomnia (P), how does melatonin supplementation (I) compared to relaxation techniques (C) influence sleep quality (O) over a four-week intervention (T)?
  6. Among older adults residing in assisted living facilities (P), what is the impact of a structured exercise program (I) versus no exercise (C) on the incidence of falls (O) within a six-month timeframe (T)?
  7. In elderly patients with chronic pain (P), how does music therapy (I) compared to pharmacological pain management (C) affect pain intensity (O) over a three-month period (T)?
  8. Among cognitively impaired older adults in long-term care settings (P), what is the effect of reminiscence therapy (I) on depressive symptoms (O) compared to usual social activities (C) within a nine-week intervention (T)?
  9. In geriatric patients with heart failure (P), how does a telemonitoring system (I) versus standard clinic visits (C) influence hospital readmission rates (O) over a twelve-month period (T)?
  10. For older adults living in rural areas (P), what is the impact of telehealth services (I) on access to healthcare (O) compared to traditional in-person appointments (C) within a six-month timeframe (T)?

You can also read about Nurse-Patient Communication PICOT Question Examples

Geriatric care challenges
Geriatric care challenges plus related 10 picot questions examples, ebp & capstone project ideas, research topic ideas and nursing essay topic ideas 2

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Project Ideas Based on Geriatric Care Challenges

  1. Implementing a fall prevention protocol in geriatric care facilities.
  2. Evaluating the effectiveness of nutritional interventions in preventing malnutrition among the elderly.
  3. Developing a pain management guideline for geriatric patients in hospice care.
  4. Assessing the impact of cognitive interventions on delaying the onset of dementia.
  5. Creating a standardized protocol for medication management in older adults with multiple chronic conditions.
  6. Investigating the use of assistive technologies to enhance the independence of elderly individuals with mobility impairments.
  7. Designing a communication strategy for healthcare professionals dealing with cognitively impaired elderly patients.
  8. Studying the effects of pet therapy on psychological well-being in nursing home residents.
  9. Establishing guidelines for end-of-life care conversations with terminally ill geriatric patients.
  10. Examining the effectiveness of remote monitoring systems in managing chronic diseases among the elderly.

Other reader also read about How To Overcome Barriers to Integrating Evidence-Based Practices into Clinical Care

Nursing Capstone Project Ideas Related to Geriatric Care Challenges

  1. Developing an educational program for family caregivers of elderly individuals with Alzheimer’s disease.
  2. Creating a comprehensive falls risk assessment tool for use in geriatric care settings.
  3. Designing a cultural competency training module for healthcare providers in geriatric care.
  4. Investigating the impact of sleep hygiene education on sleep quality in elderly populations.
  5. Implementing a resilience-building intervention to improve mental health in older adults facing life transitions.
  6. Evaluating the effectiveness of music therapy in reducing agitation among dementia patients in long-term care.
  7. Developing a pain assessment protocol for nonverbal geriatric patients with dementia.
  8. Exploring the perceptions and experiences of elderly patients regarding end-of-life care preferences.
  9. Designing a training program to enhance communication skills among nurses working with geriatric patients.
  10. Investigating the barriers to accessing healthcare services among elderly individuals living in underserved communities.

Geriatric Care Challenges Nursing Research Paper Topics

  1. Polypharmacy and medication adherence in the geriatric population.
  2. Geriatric care in the era of telehealth: Opportunities and challenges.
  3. The role of advanced practice nurses in managing complex geriatric cases.
  4. Geriatric mental health: Addressing the stigma and barriers to treatment.
  5. Palliative care in geriatrics: Enhancing the quality of life for terminally ill elderly patients.
  6. Social isolation and its impact on the health and well-being of older adults.
  7. Falls prevention strategies: A comprehensive review of evidence-based interventions.
  8. Geriatric syndromes: A holistic approach to managing functional decline in the elderly.
  9. The role of family caregivers in supporting the needs of older adults with chronic conditions.
  10. Ethical considerations in decision-making for cognitively impaired elderly patients.

You can also check out Chronic Disease Management Nursing Research Questions Examples

Geriatric Care Challenges Nursing Research Questions

  1. What are the key factors influencing medication non-adherence among geriatric patients with multiple chronic conditions?
  2. How does the integration of telehealth services affect the continuity of care for elderly individuals living in rural areas?
  3. What strategies can be implemented to improve the nutritional status of elderly patients in long-term care facilities?
  4. How do geriatric patients perceive end-of-life care discussions, and what factors influence their preferences?
  5. What is the impact of pet therapy on reducing anxiety and depression in nursing home residents?
  6. What interventions are most effective in preventing falls among elderly patients in acute care settings?
  7. How does cognitive training influence cognitive decline trajectories in older adults with mild cognitive impairment?
  8. What are the barriers to implementing effective pain management strategies in geriatric care facilities?
  9. What are the experiences of healthcare providers in delivering culturally competent care to diverse geriatric populations?
  10. How does social isolation contribute to the development and progression of chronic conditions in older adults?

You can also read about Nursing Research Paper Topics on Patient Advocacy

Nursing Essay Topic Ideas Related to Geriatric Care Challenges

  1. Exploring the Biopsychosocial Aspects of Geriatric Care: A Comprehensive Overview.
  2. The Aging Process and Its Implications for Geriatric Nursing Practice.
  3. Person-Centered Care in Geriatrics: Enhancing Dignity and Autonomy.
  4. The Role of Advanced Geriatric Nurse Practitioners in Multidisciplinary Teams.
  5. Polypharmacy in the Elderly: Balancing Benefits and Risks.
  6. Dementia Care Challenges: Strategies for Communication and Engagement.
  7. Cultural Competence in Geriatric Nursing: Fostering Inclusivity and Sensitivity.
  8. End-of-Life Decision-Making: Ethical Considerations in Geriatric Care.
  9. Geriatric Mental Health: Addressing Depression and Anxiety in Older Adults.
  10. Falls Prevention in Geriatric Populations: Evidence-Based Approaches.
  11. The Impact of Technology on Geriatric Healthcare: Innovations and Concerns.
  12. Caring for Aging Veterans: Unique Challenges and Supportive Interventions.
  13. Geriatric Care in Rural Communities: Access, Equity, and Interventions.
  14. The Role of Music Therapy in Enhancing the Well-Being of Elderly Individuals.
  15. Geriatric Palliative Care: Providing Comfort and Dignity in the Final Stages of Life.
  16. Nutrition in Geriatric Care: Strategies for Combating Malnutrition and Sarcopenia.
  17. Addressing Elder Abuse and Neglect: Advocacy and Reporting Protocols.
  18. Cognitive Impairment and Its Impact on Geriatric Patients and Caregivers.
  19. Integrating Complementary Therapies in Geriatric Healthcare: Benefits and Challenges.
  20. The Economics of Geriatric Care: Financial Considerations and Healthcare Policies.

Geriatric Care Challenges Nursing Essay Examples

  1. Elder Abuse and Neglect
  2. Health Assessment Of The Older Adult
  3. Nursing Care Of The Older Adult
  4. Evidence-Based Approaches To Screening For Polypharmacy In The Older Adults
  5. Dementia in older Adults


Geriatric care presents a host of challenges that demand the attention of healthcare professionals, particularly nurses, who play a pivotal role in promoting the well-being of the elderly population. By formulating precise PICOT questions, pursuing evidence-based practice projects, embarking on nursing capstone initiatives, and delving into research paper topics and questions, nurses can contribute to a wealth of knowledge that enhances geriatric care strategies. Through dedicated research and compassionate practice, the complexities of geriatric care can be navigated, ultimately leading to improved quality of life for older adults around the world.


1. What are the difficulties experienced by nurses in geriatric patient care?

  • Inadequacy of physical conditions and technical equipment in hospitals
  • Care problems experienced due to patients’ physical restrictions
  • Administrative difficulties
  • Communication problems experienced with the patient or family caregiver.

2. What are the problems with geriatric age?

Common conditions in older age include hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, back and neck pain and osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, depression and dementia.

3. What are the 4 needs of geriatric patients?

  • Staying Mobile.
  • Getting Personal Care.
  • Managing Medical Care.
  • Getting Proper Nutrition and Exercise.
  • Engaging in Activities and Recreation.

4. What are the barriers of health intervention in elderly?

Common barriers to face-to-face mental health treatment for older adults include stigma, perceived costs, mobility limitations, lack of specialized therapists, poor mental health literacy, and a perception that mental health illnesses are a natural part of ageing


  1. “Geriatric Nursing: Growth of a Specialty” by Marianne LaPorte Matzo and Elsie L. Bandman
  2. “Essentials of Gerontological Nursing” by Meredith Wallace Kazer
  3. “Gerontological Nursing” by Charlotte Eliopoulos
  4. “Evidence-Based Geriatric Nursing Protocols for Best Practice” by Marie Boltz and Elizabeth Capezuti
  5. “Geriatric Physical Therapy” by Andrew A. Guccione, Dale Avers, and Rita Wong
  6. “Geriatric Medicine: An Evidence-Based Approach” by Christine K. Cassel, Rosanne M. Leipzig, and Harvey Jay Cohen
  7. “Gerontology for the Health Care Professional” by Regula H. Robnett and Walter C. Chop
  8. “Clinical Handbook of Geriatric Psychopharmacology” by Sandra A. Jacobson and James L. Levenson
  9. “Geriatrics at Your Fingertips” by David B. Reuben
  10. “Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare: A Guide to Best Practice” by Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk and Ellen Fineout-Overholt

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